Resource to calculate, building and measuring Hi Fi Loudspeakers and more... Home Email Links Forums Tips "How It's Made"  Something about Espresso  Disclaimer For Sale Calculators Loudspeakers Projects My System My System CD Master Clock Generator Components explained  Recommended Records  Measurement Software  Calculate Tonearm/Cartridge Capability Phono Cartridge Specifications Acoustics About Acoustics Acoustical Measurement Basics  Acoustic Calculations Acoustic Glossary Absorbtion factors(Excel) Specials

 Wednesday, October 17, 2018 2720 users online
 The Butterworth filter The Butterworth filter is a type of signal processing filter designed to have as flat a frequency response as possible in the passband. It is also referred to as a maximally flat magnitude filter. The Chebyshev filters The Chebyshev filters are analog or digital filters having a steeper roll-off and more passband ripple (type I) or stopband ripple (type II) than Butterworth filters. Chebyshev filters have the property that they minimize the error between the idealized and the actual filter characteristic over the range of the filter, but with ripples in the passband. This type of filter is named in honor of Pafnuty Chebyshev because its mathematical characteristics are derived from Chebyshev polynomials. Because of the passband ripple inherent in Chebyshev filters, the ones that have a smoother response in the passband but a more irregular response in the stopband are preferred for some applications. The Bessel filter In electronics and signal processing, a Bessel filter is a type of linear filter with a maximally flat group delay (maximally linear phase response). Bessel filters are often used in audio crossover systems. Analog Bessel filters are characterized by almost constant group delay across the entire passband, thus preserving the wave shape of filtered signals in the passband. Q factor The Q Factor is a measure of how "Selective" or "Un-selective" the band pass filter is towards a given spread of frequencies. The lower the value of the Q factor the wider is the bandwidth of the filter and consequently the higher the Q factor the narrower and more "selective" is the filter.

Input Calculated Values
 Filter Type Butterworth Chebyshev 0.1 dB Bessel Capacitors (uF) Center Freq (Hz) 3dB Bandwidth (Hz) Voltage Gain [Vu]
C1,C2,C3,C4 (uF)
R1 [kΩ]
R2 [kΩ]
R3 [kΩ]
R4 [kΩ]
R5 [kΩ]
R6 [kΩ]

 Section 1 2 Q Freq

Input Calculated Values
 Filter Type Butterworth Chebyshev 0.1 dB Bessel Capacitors (uF) Center Freq (Hz) 3dB Bandwidth (Hz) Voltage Gain [Vu]
C1,C2,C3,C4,C5,C6 (uF)
R1 [kΩ]
R2 [kΩ]
R3 [kΩ]
R4 [kΩ]
R5 [kΩ]
R6 [kΩ]
R7 [kΩ]
R8 [kΩ]
R9 [kΩ]

 Section 1 2 3 Q Freq

 Input Center Freq. [Hz] Voltage Gain [Vu] Q Capacitors C1, C2 [uF]
 Calculated Values R1 [kΩ] R2 [kΩ] R3 [kΩ]

 Filter Response for Butterworth, Chebyshev & Bessel