Friday, 18 January 2019
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    Something about Espresso,

because I'm addicted to Espresso...

The Grinder The Machine The Coffee How To... Old Machines

In 1903, an Italian businessman named Luigi Bezzera wanted to find a way to make brewing coffee faster. As the owner of a manufacturing business, Bezzera knew a thing or two about machines and decided to tinker with the coffee-brewing process after work one day.

Bezzera soon found that adding steam pressure cut down on the brewing time and produced a stronger cup of coffee. This quick-brew process drew the best qualities of the coffee beans into the drink, yet somehow avoided over extraction.

Bezzera called his new machine the "Fast Coffee Machine". Literally meaning "fast" in Italian, fans of the machine quickly shortened the name to espresso.

Sadly, Bezzera didnít know as much about marketing as he did about machinery. A man named Desidero Pavoni purchased the rights to the machine and had it patented in 1905. Photos of Italian cafes from that period depict signage reading "Café Espresso - La Pavoni".
So while Bezzera is responsible for creating espresso, Pavoni was the one who changed the way Italians take their coffee.

By the 1920s Italians were brewing their own espresso with little stove-top pots called "moka" pots. Throughout the first half of the century, refinements were added by makers such as Cremonesi and Gaggia, allowing manipulation of the steam to make a more concentrated espresso with a layer of foam called "crema" or "sciuma" that is still the mark of a professional barista.

Although modern makers use improved technology for producing more than a 1-ounce shot of espresso at a time, tradition dictates that the classic espresso be served in a demitasse cup with a twist of lemon on the side.